Monday, April 15, 2024

Male Surgery To Prevent Pregnancy

Birth Control Options For Men

Sterilisation: how does it work?

There are several birth control options for men. It is important to follow any instructions from a healthcare professional or the manufacturers of the product, to reduce the chance of unintentional pregnancy.

This article talks about perfect and typical use of birth control. Perfect use describes how effective a form of birth control is if everyone uses it exactly as instructed every time they have sex. Typical use describes how effective a form of birth control is if a person sometimes uses it as instructed but may also use it irregularly or imperfectly.

Even with perfect use, contraception is not 100% effective. People should discuss birth control options with a healthcare professional to find the right option for them.

How Effective Are Vasectomies

These procedures are nearly 100% effective. In very rare cases, the tubes can rejoin. If that happens, sperm could leave your body and cause a pregnancy.

Sperm can still get out for a little while right after a vasectomy. Be sure to get the follow-up test that checks on that, so you know when you can stop using another method of birth control.

Best For An Accessible Barrier Method: Condoms

Condoms are a popular and accessible barrier method that can reduce the risk of pregnancy and STIs. They come in various shapes, colors, and sizes, and some include a spermicidal lubricant to help kill sperm.

Most condoms consist of latex, but people with latex allergies may purchase condoms comprising other materials, such as polyurethane or polyisoprene. It is important to check the instructions or labeling for potential allergens.

With typical use, the effectiveness is around 85%.

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What Method Of Birth Control For Men Do Doctors Recommend Most

Healthcare professionals will recommend birth control options that are best for each individual.

Condoms are easily accessible, relatively less expensive than other methods, and do not permanently change a persons ability to have children.

Vasectomy, on the other hand, is a permanent option that healthcare professionals may recommend if a person does not want any additional, or any, biological children.

Keeping Your Cat In Quarantine

6 Most Effective Animal Birth Control Methods

Whenyour cat goes into heat, you can keep it quarantined. This isespecially beneficial if you have an unfixed male and cat in the samehouse.

A femalecat doesn’t bleed while in heat unless penetration occurs. While you donot have that mess to deal with, she may mark areas around the room,especially if there are other cats in the house. The oily markingsalert unfixed males that she is in heat. They can be difficult to clean.

Thereare problems with quarantining a cat. The cat will scratch at carpetingand door frames in an attempt to escape. Yowling remains a problem. Inaddition, your cat will lack social contact with you and other animalsduring the heat. Unless a female cat mates, the heat cycle willcontinue for up to 10 days and occur every two to three weeks, soshe’ll be kept quarantined for a long time.

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What Is Tubal Ligation

Tubal sterilization works to permanently prevent pregnancy by cutting and tying or clipping the fallopian tubes, hence preventing the egg from traveling from the ovaries through the fallopian tubes. It also blocks the sperm from entering the fallopian tubes to fertilize the egg. Reversal surgery may be attempted, but the surgery is invasive and not usually effective. Tubal sterilization does not affect the menstrual cycle.

What Happens During A Tubal Ligation

Before the procedure starts you will have an intravenous line started so you can receive fluids and medicines to make you relaxed and sleepy. If you are having general anesthesia, you may get medicine through the IV to put you to sleep. A tube may be inserted in your throat so that you can inhale the anesthesia through your lungs.

If you are having local or spinal anesthesia, you will be given a numbing medicine in your abdomen or in your spinal area. You may remain awake during surgery, but you should not feel any pain. The actual surgery takes about 30 minutes.

Here is what typically happens during the procedure:

  • The surgeon will make one or more small cuts near your belly button. Sometimes the surgeon makes a small incision in your lower abdomen as well.
  • Gas may be pumped into your belly to inflate it. This gives your surgeon a better view and more room to work.
  • The surgeon will put a narrow tube with a light and a camera on the end into your abdomen. This tube is called a laparoscope.
  • Your surgeon will use long, thin instruments put through the laparoscope or through another tiny cut to find and grab hold of the fallopian tubes.
  • The tubes may be cut, tied, clamped, banded, or sealed off with an electric current.
  • After surgery is done, the surgeon will close the incisions in the skin, probably using 1 to 2 stitches. He or she will cover the area with small dressings.
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    What Are The Disadvantages Of A Vasectomy

    For all of these reasons, doctors advise that a vasectomy be undertaken only by men who are prepared to accept the fact that they will no longer be able to father a child. The decision should be considered along with other contraceptive options and discussed with a professional counselor. Men who are married or in a serious relationship should also discuss the issue with their partners.

    Although it is extremely effective for preventing pregnancy, a vasectomy does not offer protection against AIDS or other STDs. Consequently, it is important that vasectomized men continue to use condoms, preferably latex, which offer considerable protection against the spread of disease.

    Another disadvantage is the immune reactions to sperm that some men develop after a vasectomy, although current evidence indicates that these reactions do not cause any harm.

    What Does The Procedure Involve

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    The majority of vasectomies are performed in a clinic setting, under local anesthesia. If a man desires or if there are anatomic findings that may make the procedure more difficult, a man may receive anesthesia and undergo the procedure in the operating room. At Brigham and Womens Hospital, we now offer a no-scalpel minimal invasive vasectomy which involves making one or two very small punctures in the scrotal skin in order to perform the procedure. This minimizes post-operative pain, swelling, risk of bleeding, and risk of infection. The procedures involve minimal or no pain and are performed in 20-25 minutes.

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    Factors That Affect Choice

    The method of sterilization a man or a woman chooses will depend on:

    • Personal choice
    • Physical factors, such as weight
    • Medical history

    Sometimes previous surgery, obesity, or other conditions may affect which method can be used. The person should be fully aware of the risks, benefits, and other options before making a choice. In most cases, for you and your partner vasectomy has less risk than tubal sterilization of a woman.

    Check with your doctor about the timing of sterilization. There may be waiting periods after consent forms are signed. There may be certain age requirements. Discuss the rules and laws that apply in your case with your doctor before surgery. Also, you may want to check if your health insurance covers sterilization procedures.

    What If I Have A Vasectomy And My Partner And I Want A Child

    You can have a vasectomy reversal procedure, but the procedure does not always work and you may not regain your fertility.

    Depending on the length of time since having the vasectomy and the age of the female partner, you may consider going straight to assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF, to give the best chance of getting pregnant.

    You can consider storing your sperm in a sperm bank before having a vasectomy as insurance, in case you change your mind about having a child.

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    Advantages And Disadvantages Of A Vasectomy


    • a vasectomy is more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy
    • long-term effects on your health are rare
    • it doesn’t affect your hormone levels, sex drive or interfere with sex
    • it may be chosen as a simpler and safer alternative to female sterilisation


    • a vasectomy can’t be easily reversed, and reversals are rarely funded by the NHS
    • possible complications include a collection of blood inside the scrotum , hard lumps called sperm granulomas , an infection, or long-term testicle pain
    • the vas deferens tubes can reconnect, but this is very rare
    • vasectomy doesn’t protect against STIs, so you may need to use condoms as well

    A Quick Look At Birth Control Options For Men

    Overview of Clomid Infertility Treatment for Men

    Although many birth control options are available, suggests that females bear most of the burden of contraception in heterosexual relationships in the United States. However, males can help shoulder some responsibility by researching and using safe birth control options.

    Keep reading to learn more about the possible birth control methods for males.

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    How Effective Is A Vasectomy

    While a vasectomy is one of the most effective methods to prevent pregnancy, theres always a small chance of pregnancy can occur.

    Another important fact about vasectomy is that it isnt immediately effective. Existing sperm need to clear out of your system before having sex without a barrier method. This can take up to 3 months, which is why its important to follow up with your urologist to check on sperm counts as time goes on.

    Dont assume the procedure has been effective until you get definitive results from your doctor.

    . But if youre dealing with either of these symptoms after your surgery, you should talk with your doctor ASAP:

    • Infection. A fever and redness or pain on the scrotum could signal an infection
    • Hematoma. This is bleeding under the skin that looks like dark bruise. This can also lead to swelling.

    There are other risks to vasectomies, although theyre very rare. These risks include:

    • Granuloma. This is a lump in the scrotum caused by sperm that leaks out of the vas deferens tube into tissue.
    • Postvasectomy pain syndrome. This is a chronic issue a small minitory of individuals deal with after a vasectomy. This chronic pain condition

    Consider Your Future Then Decide

    Its understandable that many men have reservations about elective surgery on a sensitive area.

    But according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , only 5% of men regret getting a vasectomy and 6% of women regret their partners vasectomy.

    Most men and their partners are happy with the decision to have the procedure.

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    How Can I Prepare Myself For The Operation

    If you smoke, stopping smoking now may reduce your risk of developing complications and will improve your long-term health.

    Try to maintain a healthy weight. You have a higher risk of developing complications if you are overweight.

    Regular exercise should help to prepare you for the operation, help you to recover and improve your long-term health. Before you start exercising, ask the healthcare team or your GP for advice.

    If you have not had the coronavirus vaccine, you may be at an increased risk of serious illness related to COVID-19 while you recover. Speak to your doctor or healthcare team if you would like to have the vaccine.

    Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes

    10 ways to prevent pregnancy

    Vasectomy can take place in a variety of clinical settings with many technique variations possible. The two main requirements of a vasectomy are isolation and occlusion. A thorough history and physical exam needs to be performed, and the patient needs clear instructions as to the risks, benefits, alternatives, and expectations of vasectomies. Patients who are considering a possible vasectomy reversal at a future time should probably be advised to obtain an alternative contraceptive procedure.

    Vasectomy is generally an office procedure requiring a trained clinician but may also need an assistant. Pain is typically minimal but can cause patients to become faint during the procedure. The role of the nurse is instrumental in the monitoring of the patient during the surgery and providing post-operative care. Patients require education about the postoperative course, pain control, wound care, diet, sexual activity, showering, and physical activity the surgeon or the nurse can provide this counsel.

    Best outcomes occur when patients are adequately informed about vasectomy. A vasectomy is an excellent form of birth control, but before intercourse, post-vasectomy patients require PVSA to ensure azoospermia or rare non-motile sperm.

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    What Vasectomy Procedure Will I Have

    There are two ways you can have a vasectomy operation:

    • Open procedure method 1 or 2 small openings are made in the front of your scrotum. Your doctor will then cut and seal the vas deferens connected to each testicle. The opening in the scrotum is closed with a stitch or by pressing the skin edges together.
    • No-scalpel vasectomy 1 or 2 small punctures are made in your scrotum with fine sharp forceps and each vas deferens is cut as in the open procedure. No stitches are required for this method.

    The procedure takes about 20 to 40 minutes and usually happens under a local anaesthetic.

    Recovery After A Vasectomy

    Once youâre home, take it easy:

    • Rest for at least 1 day. You should recover completely in less than a week. Many men have the procedure on a Friday and return to work on Monday.
    • You’ll probably feel sore for a few days. Treat swelling and pain with an ice pack. You can also wear a jockstrap for support.

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    Vasectomies Can Have Some Risks

    Overall, vasectomies are very safe, and most people dont have any problems. But all medical procedures have some possible risks. The most common risk with a vasectomy is infection, but those are usually minor and treatable with antibiotics. You may also have some pain, bleeding, bruising, or swelling after the procedure. Read more about vasectomy safety.

    At A Glance: Facts About Vasectomy

    Paddy McGuinness, 45, undergoes a vasectomy
    • A vasectomy is more than 99% effective.
    • It’s considered permanent, so once it’s done you don’t have to think about contraception again.
    • Your ball sack may become bruised, swollen or painful some men have ongoing pain in their testicles.
    • As with any surgery, there’s a small risk of infection.
    • It’s very difficult to reverse, so be sure it’s right for you.
    • A vasectomy doesn’t protect against sexually transmitted infections , so you may need to use condoms as well.

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    Side Effects And Surgical Complications

    As with any surgical procedure, there can be some side effects, but major complications are very rare.

    • Pain: Any pain or discomfort should stop after about a week. Most pain will respond well to mild analgesics.
    • Infection: A small amount of redness, bruising and swelling is normal. However, if you develop a temperature, or if the swelling does not go down, increases or becomes very painful, always seek medical advice.
    • Granulomas: A benign lump may develop as a result of leakage of sperm from the cut end of the vas into the scrotal tissues, resulting in an inflammatory reaction. This lump may be painful or sensitive to touch or pressure and is generally treated with anti-inflammatory agents. In a very small number of cases, sperm granulomas cause more serious complications reversal of the vasectomy may be attempted to resolve this problem.
    • Epididymitis: This occurs when inflammation at the site of the vasectomy causes swelling of the epididymis . Swelling should subside within about one week.
    • Abscesses: These are the result of infection from the operation, or may be picked up post-operatively. Abscesses are very rare.
    • Erectile Dysfunction or Decreased Sexual Desire: These can occur in the form of impotence, or painful intercourse. The cause may be mostly psychological in nature the vasectomy may exacerbate previous difficulties and problems between sexual partners. Counseling may be required to resolve difficulties.

    Does A Vasectomy Make Prostate Cancer More Likely

    The research on this is mixed. The American Cancer Society says that some studies have suggested that men who have vasectomies may be slightly more likely than other men to get prostate cancer, but other studies havenât found such a link.

    The most current findings show that a vasectomy does not raise a man’s risk of getting prostate cancer and that this concern should not be a reason to avoid having one.

    Show Sources

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    Ways Men Can Prevent Pregnancy

    A child is a blessing, but that doesnt mean that every sexual encounter should result in a pregnancy. Most birth control methods are designed for women, which can be both empowering and a burden.

    Having choice gives women options about how theyd like to take control of their sexual outcomes. However, the fault of a pregnancy should never be the sole responsibility of one gender.

    Though men dont have nearly as many options as women, there are methods that men aiming to prevent pregnancy should utilize.

    This method is non-invasive, inexpensive, and extremely effective, boasting a success rate of 98+ percent.

    There are a variety of materials available, including latex, polyurethane, and lambskin. If youre looking to prevent STDs, make sure you use latex or polyurethane, as lambskin doesnt provide ample protection against HIV.

    Some brands of condoms also have a lubricant or different textures, which can enhance the experience for both partners.

    This surgical procedure sterilizes the male by cutting off and sealing the tubes that carry sperm to the testicles. A vasectomy is widely considered the most effective method of male contraception, with only 15 out of 10,000 couples becoming pregnant within one year after the surgery.

    Though a vasectomy is the closest thing to a surefire method, it is not a decision to undergo lightly. There is a small chance of complications, and even though the procedure is reversible, the reversal doesnt always work.

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