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Transgender Surgery Male To Female

What Is Masculinizing Chest Surgery

Gender Affirmation Surgery Options for Female to Male Patients | UCLAMDChat

What is masculinizing chest surgery? Chest surgery is commonly used to remove a large amount of breast tissue, shrink the nipples, and relocate the nipples more naturally. This type of surgery is known as masturbation/bilateral mastectomy surgery or chest masculinization surgery. What are some examples of mastselective dorsal filarization surgery? Masculinization surgery aims to change the feminine characteristics of the face in order to achieve a more masculine or nonbinary appearance. Masculinization surgery may be performed in one or multiple stages. To accomplish this goal, a number of common techniques are used. Injections are an essential component of human behavior. Tighten the muscles in the forehead and temples with botox injections to reduce forehead fat. -Sculpting the figure. The chin is supported by a chin implant. The ear lobes should be shrunk. Surgery for the nose is performed by a nose br> . Its the size of your lips. A mastectomy can be used to remove some of the breast tissue. It is critical to consult with a qualified surgeon before undergoing facial masculinization surgery because it can be a costly procedure.

Male To Female Surgery

Male to female gender affirming surgery takes approximately 3 to 4 hours and requires a general anaesthetic. For the first 2 post-operative days you will need to remain on bed rest and you will have a urinary catheter and some drains as well, which will need to remain in place for up to a week.

Post-operatively, you will be prescribed analgesia and intravenous antibiotics, which will be changed to oral antibiotics a few days after your surgery.

You will remain in the hospital for 8 10 days, before being discharged.

It is important to understand that M2F gender affirming surgery will not allow a woman to have any pregnancies or be child bearing. Male to female surgery once performed is totally irreversible.

Treatment Caring For Transgender Patients

Fearing discrimination and hostility, transgender people are often reluctant to seek care. Discover how Paula Neira, Program Director of LGBTQ+ Equity and Education, Johns Hopkins Medicine Office of Diversity, Inclusion and Health Equity, is working to ensure that all patients regardless of gender identity are treated with dignity and respect.

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Gender Reassignment Surgery Female To Male

For transmen surgery, the process of gender confirmation journey begins with 2 major steps:

  • Hormone therapy
  • Supportive counseling

Indeed! These 2 factors are the major step for starting the surgical plan for the desired transition you want to get. No doubt, with every person it is their wish whether they want to get it done or not and how it can prove beneficial to their mental and overall health. During the initial consultation, it will be checked whether you meet the eligibility requirement or not. Dr. C Vijay Kumar is here giving you all the best of services to assist you better and make you comfortable with your transition of gender change journey from female to male.

What Doctors Wish Their Patients Knew Before Surgery

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All in all, the entire transition processliving as your preferred gender, obtaining mental health referrals, getting insurance approvals, taking hormones, going through hair removal, and having various surgeriescan take years, doctors say. By the time they finally have a surgical consult, patients tend to be focused on doing the surgery as quickly as possible, says Dr. Wittenberg.

Yet it’s important to proceed with the utmost care. Dr. McClung wishes patients had a better idea of the potential risks. Complication rates related to vaginoplasties, phalloplasties, and other procedures can be as high as 25%, he says. “I always tell my patients, ‘Look, I want the same thing as you: I want a cosmetically and functionally perfect set of genitals that is going to make you happy,'” he says. But the procedures need to be done in the safest way possible to avoid complications.

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Male To Female Gender Change Surgery

The MTF sex-change surgery is one of the most appropriate ways of helping individuals get the desired physical features. The transition journey can be tough, but all things are easily manageable with the right assistance and expertise.

Indeed! Its about positively impacting mental health and ensuring the female characteristics stand out. Everyone decides how they would like to undergo male to female surgery in Andhra Pradesh to have that desired improved look. If you want to undergo sex-change surgery, here are the necessary procedures you can choose.

Breaking Down The Costs

Candidates for gender reassignment surgeries are often required to live a year in their identified gender role and undergo at least a year of hormone treatments and perhaps permanent hair removal.

Hormone treatments involve estrogen for male-to-female patients and testosterone for female-to-male patients. Most patients will pursue hormone treatments, which are generally continued for the duration of the patients life. While these drugs are not usually especially expensive, they can add up to more than $2,000 a year.

Bottom surgery, or changing the genitalia, costs an estimated $25,600 for male-to-female patients and about $24,900 for female-to-male, according to The Philadelphia Center for Transgender Surgery. The center publishes a detailed price list of surgery and hospital anesthesia costs for common procedures, though costs may vary widely.

Top surgery involving breast augmentation for male-to-female transitions costs about $9,000. For female-to-male, top surgery involving mastectomy ranges from $7,800 to $10,900, depending on the amount of skin reduction. Masculinizing or feminizing facial surgery and body sculpting surgeries add to the costs.

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Gender Affirmation Surgery Vs Gender Reassignment

There are a number of surgeries that can be performed as part of gender affirmation surgery, also known as sex reassignment surgery . These surgeries can be performed to alter the appearance of primary and/or secondary sex characteristics. The specific surgeries that are performed as part of SRS will vary depending on the individuals goals and desired outcome. Gender affirmation surgery is typically performed to help individuals who identify as a gender different from their assigned sex at birth feel more comfortable in their bodies. For some people, this may involve undergoing surgeries to alter their appearance to match their gender identity. For others, it may simply involve hormone therapy to help them feel more comfortable in their bodies. Gender reassignment surgery is a more general term that can encompass any type of surgery that is performed to change a persons physical appearance to match their gender identity. This may include gender affirmation surgery, but it can also include other types of surgeries, such as facial feminization surgery or masculinization surgery.

Reasons For Choosing To Have Male To Female Sex Reassignment Surgery

#PRSGrandRounds: Female-to-Male Transgender Surgery

Male to female sex change operations are for people who are biologically male, but who identify as women and wish to live their lives as women.

Many transgender people say they are uncomfortable with their biological sex and its associated gender role. They feel trapped in a body they cannot identify with. According to the American Psychiatric Association, gender identity disorder can cause duress and impair an individual on both social and personal levels.

Transgender people also report experiencing some form of stigma and discrimination, verbal and physical abuse, threats of violence and actual physical violence proportionately more than others. According to the 2007 Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health & Society publication, Tranznation: A report on the health and well being of sex and gender diverse gender people in Australia and New Zealand:

  • A large majority had experienced at least one form of stigma or discrimination
  • Over half reported verbal abuse
  • One third had received threats of violence or intimidation
  • Nearly one in five had experienced a physical attack or other kind of violence

Transgender people are also likely to experience bullying in schools, workplaces and other social situations.

Gender role changing, hormone therapy and sex change surgery are treatments for this condition.

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Why Choose Dr Maercks For Mtf Surgery In Miami

The Maercks Institute offers transgender patients access to state-of-the-art technology, the expertise of an experienced top transgender surgeon, and the absolute best in patient care. Board-certified president and medical director Dr. Rian Maercks is a cosmetic, plastic, and reconstructive surgery specialist who is double-fellowship trained and has a unique combination of specialized expertise in cosmetic breast and body procedures. His innovative approaches to both surgical and non-surgical procedures of the face and body have garnered him international recognition by surgeons and patients alike, and his undergraduate training in fine arts and philosophy created the framework through which he explores the world of medicine and plastic surgery. In addition, Dr. Maercks elevates the standard of patient care and safety through his work as medical director. If youre interested in male to female surgery in the Miami area, come discover why Dr. Maercks has changed the lives of thousands of patients over the years. Schedule a consultation with us today.

Male To Female Sex Reassignment Surgery

by Louisa McKay | Last Updated Aug 12, 2019 | Procedures |

Sex reassignment, whether from male-to-female or female-to-male, is a complex process involving psychiatric evaluations, psychotherapy and hormonal therapy as well as surgery. The entire sex reassignment process from male to female involves genital and multiple other surgeries, including feminisation procedures such as breast surgery, facial feminisation surgery and voice surgery.

Fast Facts

  • Sex change surgery is irreversible. Therefore anyone wishing to undergo a sex change operation from male to female should carefully consider that decision.
  • Male to female sex change operations are for people who are biologically male, but who identify as women and wish to live their lives as women.
  • The non-genital aspects of the male-to-female transition involve a raft of feminisation procedures, including breast enhancement, facial procedures to make the appearance more feminine and voice change surgery to make the voice higher and lighter.

Sex reassignment surgery refers to a variety of surgical techniques used to change the bodies of people who have gender dysphoria. The surgeries involved in sex reassignment are also referred to as gender confirming surgery, gender reassignment surgery or sex change surgery.

Statistics from Western Australia show that less than a third of people with gender dysphoria have opted for sex reassignment surgery.

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Paying For Transgender Surgeries

Consumer ReportsOncology TimesMEDICAThe New York Times MagazinePsychology TodaySports Illustrated

In May 2021, the Biden administration prohibited discrimination against transgender people in healthcare. The order will help enforce the June 2020 ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court that the provisions against sexual discrimination in the 2010 Affordable Care Act apply to transgender people. And it reverses the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services policy adopted under former President Donald Trump which held that the antidiscrimination provisions did not apply to transgender people.

While the executive order protects transgender people from discrimination in routine medical care, it is not clear how it will affect gender reassignment treatments that are sought by many of the 1.4 million U.S. adults and 150,000 youth ages 13 to 17 who identify as transgender.

What Are The Risks Or Complications Of Gender Affirmation Surgery

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Different procedures carry different risks. For example, individuals who have bottom surgery may have changes to their sexual sensation, or trouble with bladder emptying. In general, significant complications are rare, as long as an experienced surgeon is performing the procedure.

With any surgery, there is a small risk of complications, including:

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Criteria For Vaginoplasty Or Vulvoplasty

  • Persistent, well documented gender dysphoria
  • Capacity to make a fully informed decision and to consent for treatment
  • be the age of majority in a given country
  • If significant medical or mental health concerns are present, they must be well controlled
  • Twelve continuous months of hormone therapy as appropriate to the patients gender goals
  • Twelve continuous months of living in a gender role that is congruent with their gender identity.
  • Hysterectomy And Bilateral Salpingo

    Hysterectomy is as surgical procedure performed to remove the uterus. A total hysterectomy involves removal of the uterus and cervix, and a sub-partial hysterectomy involves removal of only the uterus. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is the removal of both ovaries and fallopian tubes.

    According to the ACOG, symptomatic uterine leiomyomas are the most common indication for hysterectomy in the US, followed by abnormal uterine bleeding, endometriosis and prolapse. Risk-reducing hysterectomy is also performed for patients with high-risk of endometrial cancer, including patients with germ-line BRCA1/2 mutations, Lynch Syndrome and family history. Hysterectomy can also be performed for male-identifying patients with uterus in conjunction with testosterone therapy.

    Follow-up care for male-identifying patients with uterus should still see a gynecologist for a check-up at least every three years. This is particularly the case for patients who:

    • retain their
    • have a strong family history of cancers of the breast, ovary, or uterus
    • have a personal history of gynecological cancer or significant dysplasia on a Pap smear.
    • develop vaginal bleeding post-operation and hormone therapy

    Also known as Genital reconstructive procedures

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    Possible Risks And Complications

    As with any surgical procedure there are risks involved in a male to female sex change procedure. You should be fully aware of potential risks and complications involved in any surgical procedure before you elect to have the surgery. It is always better to err on the side of caution.

    Specific complications that could occur during or after a vaginoplasty procedure include:

    • Rupture of multiple stitches that open up the wound.
    • Narrowing or closure of the restructured urethra, causing difficulty in urinating, painful urination or a significant reduction in the amount of urine excreted. If you experience any of this, or find that you need increased time and effort to urinate, tell the surgeon without delay.

    Some of the above are long-terms risks of genital surgery. Other complications, such as bleeding, swelling, minor infections or rupture of stitches can be handled by nursing staff.

    After discharge from hospital, you need to move around as much as is comfortable. Staying hydrated can help prevent blood clots, so be vigilant about drinking lots of water. You should seek emergency care if you suddenly experience shortness of breath, dizziness, chest pain or tender, warm swollen legs. All these can be signs of a blood clot.

    What Do Feminizing Surgeries Involve

    Denver Surgeon Trains With ‘Unquestioned Leader’ In Gender Reassignment Surgery

    Since hormone therapy itself can lead to breast tissue development, transgender women may or may not decide to have surgical breast augmentation.

    As for bottom surgery, there are a variety of feminizing procedures from which to choose. “You could do an orchiectomy alone, which is just removal of the testicles,” says Dr. McClung. “You could do an orchiectomy and scrotectomy ,” he says, Other options include vulvoplasty or a full vaginoplasty .

    Dr. Wittenberg notes that patients may undergo six to 12 months of electrolysis or laser hair removal prior to surgery to remove pubic hair from skin that will be used for the vaginal lining.

    Surgeons have different techniques for creating a vaginal canal. A common one is a penile inversion, where the masculine structures are emptied out and inverted into a created cavity, explains Dr. Kim. Vaginoplasty may be done in one or two stages, says Dr. Wittenberg, and the initial recovery is three monthsbut it will be a full year until patients see results.

    Wound healing difficulties are a common complication. Vaginoplasty patients must use a dilator to maintain the vaginal cavity’s depth and width, which places stress on the surgical site, says Dr. Kim. “So you have two competing goals,” he says, one of trying to heal wounds and the other trying to keep the vaginal cavity “as deep and wide as possible,” he adds. If wounds become infected, antibiotics may be necessary or even another operation to clean out the infection.

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    Uh Experts Offers A Wide Variety Of Surgical Options For Male To Female Transition

    Choosing to surgically alter your body to align with your inner perception of self is a big decision and a permanent one. Although some transgender individuals may be comfortable simply living as their affirmed gender, others feel that surgery is an essential step to allow them to live the life they want as the person they know they are.

    Once a decision has been made and the eligibility requirements for surgical transition have been met, it is essential to choose a care team with experience and expertise to achieve the best possible functional and cosmetic outcomes. The multidisciplinary team of surgeons at University Hospitals have the advanced training and experience to provide our transgender patients with a full range of procedures from which to choose, and the compassion to support patients throughout this unique journey.

    Call our dedicated gender care patient navigator at to schedule a consultation with a UH plastic surgeon or reconstructive urologist, Shubham Gupta, MD.

    When Should I See My Healthcare Provider

    After surgery, you should see your healthcare provider if you experience:

    • Bleeding for more than a few days after surgery.
    • Pain that doesnt go away after several weeks.
    • Signs of infection, such as a wound that changes color or doesnt heal.

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Gender affirmation procedures help people transition to their self-identified gender. Gender affirmation surgery may involve operations to change the face, chest or genitalia. You may choose to have one type of surgery or a combination of procedures. Before and after surgery, its important to work with a mental health provider. Research shows that having a trusted therapist makes you more likely to be satisfied with your surgery results.

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    Format For Referral Letters From Qualified Health Professional

  • Clients general identifying characteristics and
  • Results of the clients psychosocial assessment, including any diagnoses and
  • The duration of the mental health professionals relationship with the client, including the type of evaluation and therapy or counseling to date and
  • An explanation that the WPATH criteria for surgery have been met, and a brief description of the clinical rationale for supporting the patients request for surgery and
  • A statement about the fact that informed consent has been obtained from the patient and
  • A statement that the mental health professional is available for coordination of care and welcomes a phone call to establish this.
  • Note: There is no minimum duration of relationship required with mental health professional. It is the professionals judgment as to the appropriate length of time before a referral letter can appropriately be written. A common period of time is three months, but there is significant variation in both directions. When two letters are required, the second referral is intended to be an evaluative consultation, not a representation of an ongoing long-term therapeutic relationship, and can be written by a medical practitioner of sufficient experience with gender dysphoria.

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