Monday, April 8, 2024

When Was The First Transgender Surgery

Psychological And Social Consequences

First gender reassignment surgery performed at Women’s College Hospital

After sex reassignment surgery, transsexuals tend to be less gender dysphoric. They also normally function well both socially and psychologically. Anxiety, depression and hostility levels were lower after sex reassignment surgery. They also tend to score well for self-perceived mental health, which is independent from sexual satisfaction. Many studies have been carried out to investigate satisfaction levels of patients after sex reassignment surgery. In these studies, most of the patients have reported being very happy with the results and very few of the patients have expressed regret for undergoing sex reassignment surgery.

Although studies have suggested that the positive consequences of sex reassignment surgery outweigh the negative consequences, it has been suggested that most studies investigating the outcomes of sex reassignment surgery are flawed as they have only included a small percentage of sex reassignment surgery patients in their studies. These methodological limitations such as lack of double-blind randomized controls, small number of participants due to the rarity of transsexualism, high drop-out rates and low follow-up rates, which would indicate need for continued study.

Meet The First Woman To Undergo Sex Reassignment Surgery

Christine Jorgensen was born on May 30, 1926. She was an American trans woman who became famous for having sex reassignment surgery. Jorgensen was born and raised in Bronx, New York City. After graduating high school in 1945, she got into the U.S. Army for the World War II. After her service, while attending schools, she heard of the sex reassignment surgery. She went to Europe and Copenhagen and obtained a special permission to go through a series of operations from 1951.

Upon return to the U.S. in the early 1950s, her transition became the front page of the New York Daily News. She became an instant celebrity and used the platform to advocate for transgender people. She also worked as an actress, nightclub entertainer and also recorded several songs.

The Tragic Story Behind The World’s First Documented Transgender Person

A long list of advancements made in surgery and medicine have allowed transgender people to undergo gender confirmation surgery in ways far more successfully and safely executed than ever before.

But it can be easy to forget a time where the surgical success rate today was far lower and even unknown. And for that reason, we will never surely know who or how the first transgender person came to be.

However, there is a great deal of conjecture that transgender woman Lili Elbe’s journey to becoming a woman wasn’t just difficult, but unprecedented.

Images from LGBTQ Pride month 2017:

Elbe, who also went by Lili Ilse Elvenes, was one of the first ever identifiable recipients of such a procedure in 1930.

She was born Einar Wegener in 1882 and became a landscape painter. It wasn’t until Wegener posed for a painting by her wife and fellow artist, Gerda Gottlieb, that she realized she was Lili Elbe.

Subsequent to her discovery, Elbe began spending less time creating art and more time molding her newfound female persona. According to her autobiography, Man into Woman: The First Sex Change, Elbe started going out in public dressed as a woman and even claimed to be her own sister.

Lili Elbe via Getty

Her wife became an essential part of her transition, providing her with the acceptance and love she otherwise didn’t receive from others at the time. They later relocated to Paris where they felt a lesbian couple would be more socially permissible.

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History Of Transwomen Surgery

The development of modern gender reassignment surgery began in the twentieth century when, following rapid advances in the fields of endocrinology and plastic surgery after World War II, comprehensive medical and surgical treatments for transsexualism started to become available. In 1952, the Danish plastic surgeon Paul Fogh-Andersen initiated the modern era of sex reassignment surgery by using penile skin as a full thickness graft to line the neovagina of Christine Jörgenson . In the United States, things began to change during the late 1950s, when several hundred transsexuals came under the care of Dr. Harry Benjamin, a compassionate endocrinologist who was the first physician to elucidate the nature of gender dysphoria .

For the majority of transsexuals seeking surgery, the Clinique du Parc in Casablanca was the place of last resort. There, Dr. Georges Burou , a French gynecologist, invented and applied the anteriorly pedicled penile skin flap inversion technique in 1956 .

In 1966, surgeons at the Johns Hopkins Medical Center began performing a limited number of Male-to-Female sex reassignment surgeries at its new gender identity clinic. Shortly thereafter, hospitals at Stanford, Chicago and Colorado followed suit .

John Bancroft MD FRCP FRCPE FRCPsych, in, 2009

Book: ‘man Into Woman’

Surgeons report nearly 20 percent increase in number of transgender ...

Elbes story was published after her death by Ernst Ludwig Harthern-Jacobson who culled her life’s history from her personal diaries in accordance with her last wishes. The book, Man Into Woman, was first published in 1933 in Danish and German and English editions quickly followed . Man Into Woman was one of the first widely available books about a transgender persons life and because of this, it was inspirational. In fact, Jan Morris notes that she was inspired to pursue surgery to transition her gender after reading Elbes story. More recently Elbes life inspired The Danish Girl , an international bestselling novel by David Ebershoff, and a major feature film by the same name starring Eddie Redmayne.

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When Was The First Transgender In The World

According to texts from the Sumerian and Akkadian periods, priests were known as gala and could have been transgender. Around the Mediterranean region, there are likely depictions of animals dating back to 3700 years ago. Many scholars believe that ancient Greece, Phrygia, and Rome had galli priests who were trans women.

Queer People Are Banned From Donating Blood

The surge in sexually transmitted diseases, such as AIDS and HIV, triggered further stigmatization and violation of transgender rights in Canada.

In 1985 Health Canada, released a new policy on donor referral that prohibits men who have sexual relationships or who have had sex even once with another man from donating blood for the rest of their life.

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Before The Common Era

  • c. 7,000 BCE c. 1700 BCE Among the sexual depictions in Neolithic and Bronze Age drawings and figurines from the Mediterranean are, as one author describes it, a “third sex” human figure having female breasts and male genitals or without distinguishing sex characteristics. In Neolithic Italy, female images are found in a domestic context, while images that combine sexual characteristics appear in burials or religious settings. In Neolithic Greece and Cyprus, figures are often dual-sexed or without identifying sexual characteristics.
  • c. 2900 BCE c. 2500 BCE A burial of a suburb of Prague, Czech Republic, a male is buried in the outfit usually reserved for women. Archaeologists speculate that the burial corresponds to a transgender person or someone of the third sex.
  • c. 400 BCE Ancient Greek physician Hippocrates writes of the enarei, a class of androgynous Scythian priests and healers “there are many eunuchs among the Scythians, who perform female work, and speak like women”. The enarei are also mentioned around the same time in Herodotus‘ work Histories “the Scythians who plundered the temple were punished by the goddess with the female sickness, which still attaches to their posterity. They themselves confess that they are afflicted with the disease for this reason, and travellers who visit Scythia can see what sort of a disease it is. Those who suffer from it are called Enarees”.

To 1965 Everett Klippert The Catalyst

First Transgender Surgery and Psychiatric Fellowships at Mount Sinai’s Icahn School of Medicine

In 1965, Everett Klippert, a mechanics assistant in Northwest Territories, was called in for police questioning for a totally unrelated crime wherein he admitted that he is, in fact, gay and has had sexual encounters with men over the last 24 years. He also told the police that he was unlikely to change.

Because of this, he was labelled as a dangerous sex offender even though psychiatrists testified in court that Kliffert had no pedophilic and aggressive tendencies and recommended that he receive psychiatric care. Nevertheless, he was sentenced to imprisonment without any proper legal representation.

The unfair treatment of Klipperts case sparked outrage among the public. Bud Orange, a member of the Parliament, condemned the incident in the House of Commons. He was quoted saying, Its ridiculous that any man would be put into jail because they are affected by social disease, in a CBC interview. At that time, homosexuality was categorized as a mental condition that can be improved through a series of treatments.

Inspired to continue the fight for transgender rights in Canada, gay-positive organizations ASK and GAY were also founded during these years.

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Events And Guest Services

The Office of Events and Guest Services at MVCC is split into four key categories, which include the MVCC Box Office , MVCC Cultural Series , Facility Use , and Graduation . Events and Guest Services continues to serve as one of the primary links between the community and the college, bringing more than 50,000 guests to the Rome and Utica campuses each year.

More than 60 different off-campus facility users/community organizations use the college’s facilities each year, most of which use multiple dates throughout the year, with an approximate attendance of more than 40,000 people.

MVCC’s Anime Club hosts an anime convention annually.

MVCC offers individual and team sports for men and women. Men’s sports include baseball, basketball, bowling, cross country, golf, lacrosse, soccer, tennis, and track and field. Women’s sports include basketball, bowling, cross country, golf, lacrosse, softball, soccer, tennis, track and field, and volleyball.

MVCC’s athletic teams, known as the Hawks, are members of the National Junior College Athletic Association . As part of the NJCAA, the Hawks compete in Region III and the Mountain Valley Collegiate Conference. The program is administered under the guidelines of a Division III, non-scholarship institution.

Most MVCC coaches are full-time members of the Athletic, Physical Education & Recreation Department.

The Forgotten History Of The Worlds First Trans Clinic

The Institute for Sexual Research in Berlin would be a century old if it hadnt fallen victim to Nazi ideology

Brandy Schillace is editor in chief of BMJ’s Medical Humanities journal and author of the recently released book Mr. Humble and Doctor Butcher, a biography of Robert White, who aimed to transplant the human soul.

Brandy Schillace is editor in chief of BMJ’s Medical Humanities journal and author of the recently released book Mr. Humble and Doctor Butcher, a biography of Robert White, who aimed to transplant the human soul.

Late one night on the cusp of the 20th century, Magnus Hirschfeld, a young doctor, found a soldier on the doorstep of his practice in Germany. Distraught and agitated, the man had come to confess himself an Urninga word used to refer to homosexual men. It explained the cover of darkness to speak of such things was dangerous business. The infamous Paragraph 175 in the German criminal code made homosexuality illegal a man so accused could be stripped of his ranks and titles and thrown in jail.

Hirschfeld understood the soldiers plighthe was himself both homosexual and Jewishand did his best to comfort his patient. But the soldier had already made up his mind. It was the eve of his wedding, an event he could not face. Shortly after, he shot himself.

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The History Of Gender Reassignment Surgeries In The Uk

For Pride Month, we are recognising the plastic surgeons who pioneered gender reassignment surgeries in the UK. Gender reassignment surgery, also known as gender confirmation surgery or gender affirmation surgery, is a sub-speciality within plastic surgery, developed based on reconstructive procedures used in trauma and in congenital malformations. The specific procedures used for GRS have only been practised in the last 100 years.

Over the last decade, there has been an increase in society acknowledgement and acceptance of gender diverse persons. This catalysed an increase in referrals to gender identity clinics and an increase in the number of gender affirmation surgeries. GRS help by bringing fulfilment to many people who experience gender dysphoria. Gender dysphoria – a distress caused by the incongruence of a person’s gender identity and their biological sex, drives the person to seek medical or surgical intervention to align some or all of their physical appearance with their gender identity. Patients with gender dysphoria experience higher rates of psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. Gender-affirming medical intervention tends to resolve the psychiatric disorders that are a direct consequence of gender dysphoria.

The BAPRAS Collection and Archive has an extraordinary assembly of fascinating archive and historical surgical instruments dating from 1900.Visit or email for more information.

Producing Positive Results In A Stigmatized Field

Transgender: A Look at the Numbers by N L Bray

Whereas GAS was a new endeavor for U.S. physicians, these clinics primarily operated as research programs. As a new field of practice, the physicians involved in the clinics faced significant skepticism from colleagues, such as psychiatrist Joost Meerloo, MD, who outlined his concerns in the American Journal of Psychiatry in 1967. Dr. Meerloo wrote, Unwittingly, many a physician does not treat the disease as such but treats, rather, the fantasy a patient develops about his diseaseI believe the surgical treatment of transsexual yearnings easily falls into this trap. What about our medical responsibility and ethics? Do we have to collaborate with the sexual delusions of our patients?10

Understandably, physicians involved in these gender identity clinics described feeling pressure to demonstrate successful postoperative outcomes in order to justify their work. In the introduction to a published case series on GAS, Norman Fisk, MD, a psychiatrist at Stanford University, CA, wrote, In our efforts we were preoccupied with obtaining good results. This preoccupation, we believed, would enable us to continue our work in an area where many professional colleagues had, and retain, serious doubts as to the validity of gender reorientation.11

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Outcome Of Surgical Gender Reassignment

There have now been several reviews of the outcome of gender reassignment surgery and their conclusions were summarized by Carroll . Lawrence reported on 232 male-to-female surgical reassignments all carried out by one surgeon between 1994 and 2000. Using a 010 scale to rate happiness with result, 86% scored 8 or higher. None reported consistent regret about having the surgery, and any regret that was reported was about disappointment with the functional outcome of the genital reconstruction, rather than with the gender reassignment per se.

Those whose transgender emerged from a previous phase of fetishistic transvestism or autogynephilia were more likely to regret reassignment or have more negative outcomes than those whose gender identity discordance was primary. The reasons for this are not established. Predictors of a poor outcome are personality problems of various kinds and a history of depression.

In general, these more recent reviews convey a more positive picture than those cited in the previous edition of this book, which was based on much more limited evidence. This may reflect more effective selection of suitable cases by referring clinicians as well as improvements in surgical techniques.

Peter Conway Dip Phyt MNIMH MCPP Cert Ed, in, 2011

Timeline Of Transgender History

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The following is a timeline of transgender history.Transgender history dates back to the first recorded instances of transgender individuals in ancient civilizations. The word transgender did not exist until 1965 when coined by Virginia Prince the timeline includes events and personalities that may be viewed as transgender in the broadest sense, including third gender and other gender-variant behavior, including ancient or modern precursors from the historical record.

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Wealth And Income Disparity

New York City, like other large cities, has a high degree of , as indicated by its of 0.55 as of 2017. In the first quarter of 2014, the average weekly wage in New York County was $2,749, representing the highest total among large counties in the United States. As of 2017, New York City was home to the highest number of of any city in the world at 103, including former . New York also had the highest density of millionaires per capita among major U.S. cities in 2014, at 4.6% of residents. New York City is one of the relatively few American cities levying an on its residents. As of 2018, there were 78,676 in New York City.

Queer Teen Takes Own Life Due To Anti

Gender Affirming Surgery: Pamelaâs Story | Temple Gender Affirming Surgeries Program

Jamie Hubley, son of Ottawa City Councillor Allan Hubley, commits suicide because of trauma from anti-gay bullying at his high school. His death leads to the establishment of Accepting Schools Act by the Government of Ontario, which enforces more transparent and stringent measures against bullying and mandates public schools to allow GSA organizations for queer students.

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