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Why Is It Called Plastic Surgery

Is Plastic Surgery The Right Choice

Gravitas Plus: The plastic surgery debate

Reconstructive surgery helps repair significant defects or problems. But what about having cosmetic surgery just to change your appearance? Is it a good idea for teens? As with everything, there are right and wrong reasons to have surgery.

Cosmetic surgery is unlikely to change your life. Most board-certified plastic surgeons spend a lot of time interviewing teens who want plastic surgery to decide if they are good candidates for the surgery. Doctors want to know that teens are emotionally mature enough to handle the surgery and that they’re doing it for the right reasons.

Many plastic surgery procedures are just that surgery. They involve anesthesia, wound healing, and other serious risks. Doctors who perform these procedures want to know that their patients are capable of understanding and handling the stress of surgery.

Some doctors won’t perform certain procedures on a teen until they are sure that person is old enough and has finished growing. For rhinoplasty, that means about 15 or 16 for girls and about a year older for guys.

Girls who want to enlarge their breasts for cosmetic reasons usually must be at least 18 because saline implants are only approved for women 18 and older. In some cases, though, such as when there’s a tremendous size difference between the breasts or one breast has failed to grow at all, a plastic surgeon may get involved earlier.

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Board Certified Cosmetic Surgeons Are Residency Trained + Fellowship Trained In Cosmetic Surgery

The training, experience, and knowledge required to become a board certified cosmetic surgeon reflects specialization above and beyond what it takes to become board certified in a related discipline, such as plastic surgery. Each surgeon who is board certified by the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery has completed a 1 year, American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery certified fellowship training exclusively in cosmetic surgery. During this fellowship, surgeons receive thorough training in all cosmetic surgery procedures of the face, breast, and body, plus non-surgical cosmetic treatments, performing a minimum of 300 individual cosmetic surgery procedures. This fellowship training is in addition to completing a 3-5 year residency program in a related discipline.

Because any licensed physician can legally perform cosmetic surgery, regardless of how they received cosmetic surgery training, it is extremely important to do your research when choosing a cosmetic surgeon. To find the most qualified doctor for a specific cosmetic procedure, you must compare doctors overall training, experience, and proven competence with respect to that specific cosmetic procedure.

The Long History Of Plastic Surgery

Not only does the term Plastic surgery predate breast implants , but it also comes before the invention of any kind of synthetic plastic as well. The word plastic comes from the Greek plastikos and the Latin plasticus, which means fit for molding, capable of being molded into various forms pertaining to molding according to the Online Etymology Dictionary. So, plastic surgery actually has nothing to do with present day plastics, breast implants, or fakeness . Instead, it refers to a kind of molding that is done to the body when someone undergoes these surgeries.

The first mention of plastic in regards to molding or sculpting art appeared in the 16th century, spelled plasticke. At this time, this usually meant working with wax or clay. However, by the 17th century, it became an umbrella term for the artist who performed the sculpting as well as a definition of the finished work. Plastic since then has been spelled many ways, including plastick and plastique to name just a few. It evolved and turned into an adjective as well, and was used to describe materials that could be molded and manipulated.

The Rise of Plastic Surgery

The New Face of Plastic Surgery

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Development Of Modern Techniques

The father of modern plastic surgery is generally considered to have been Sir Harold Gillies. A New Zealand otolaryngologist working in London, he developed many of the techniques of modern facial surgery in caring for soldiers with disfiguring facial injuries during the First World War.

During World War I, he worked as a medical minder with the Royal Army Medical Corps. After working with the renowned French oral and maxillofacial surgeonHippolyte Morestin on skin graft, he persuaded the army’s chief surgeon, Arbuthnot-Lane, to establish a facial injury ward at the Cambridge Military Hospital, Aldershot, later upgraded to a new hospital for facial repairs at Sidcup in 1917. There Gillies and his colleagues developed many techniques of plastic surgery more than 11,000 operations were performed on more than 5,000 men . After the war, Gillies developed a private practice with Rainsford Mowlem, including many famous patients, and travelled extensively to promote his advanced techniques worldwide.

It has been suggested that portions of Cosmetic_surgery_in_Australia#Types of cosmetic surgery available be split from it and merged into this article.

Plastic surgery is a broad field, and may be subdivided further. In the United States, plastic surgeons are board certified by American Board of Plastic Surgery. Subdisciplines of plastic surgery may include:

The Growth Of Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery


This medical specialty really took off after World Wars I and II when soldiers required surgery for burns, missing limbs, and facial reconstruction. As the field continued to evolve, surgeons formed sub-specialties such as craniofacial surgery. When most people refer to plastic surgery today, they are talking about the elective type that enhances appearance.

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Cosmetic Surgery Training Is Completed Primarily After Residency Training

There are currently no residency programs in the United States devoted exclusively to cosmetic surgery. Because of this, cosmetic surgeons primarily obtain training and experience after completing their residency training. This is done by completing a post-residency fellowship training program in cosmetic surgery.

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Early Developments In Plastic Surgery

The modern definition of plastic surgery is rooted in ancient medicine. The Sanskrit text Sushruta-samhita, written about 600 bce by ancient Indian medical practitioner Sushruta, describes, with surprising modernity, a quintessential plastic surgical procedure: the reconstruction of mutilated noses using tissue bridged from the cheek. During the Renaissance, Italian surgeon Gaspare Tagliacozzi and French surgeon Ambroise Paré adopted these early procedures and kindled a modern fascination with the use of local and distant tissue to reconstruct complex wounds. In the 19th century German surgeon Karl Ferdinand von Gräfe first invoked the term plastic when describing creative reconstructions of the nose in his text Rhinoplastik . In the United States the organizing bodies of plastic surgery were founded between the world wars, with the American Society of Plastic Surgeons established in 1931 and the American Board of Plastic Surgery established in 1937. In the 1960s and 70s the pioneering work of Canadian-born American surgeon Harry J. Buncke, Japanese surgeon Susumu Tamai, and Austrian surgeon Hanno Millesi resulted in the integration of procedures and techniques that defined microsurgery .

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What Are The Benefits Of Plastic Surgery

  • Plastic surgery can help you feel better about yourself by making you look better than ever before. For example, you might be able to improve how you feel about your nose by having a rhinoplasty . Or, maybe you want more fullness in your lips or thinner lips . When done right, plastic surgery can make people look younger and healthier than they did before they had their procedure done on them!
  • Plastic surgery helps people who have lost weight or who are trying to lose weight by helping them get rid of extra fat around their stomachs or thighs when they do Liposuction or Abdominoplasty. In these procedures, excess fat is removed from the body through a small incision and then the fat is removed from the body.
  • Plastic surgery has become very popular because it can give people who are unhappy with their looks a chance to feel better about themselves. For example, maybe you want to look younger or more attractive or your nose has been broken or youve had many plastic surgery procedures in the past that have not worked well for you. Plastic surgery can help you look better than you ever have before!
  • Plastic surgery helps people who have lost weight or who are trying to lose weight by giving them a new appearance that they have always wanted but could not achieve before they had their plastic surgery procedure performed on them .
  • Reconstructive Microsurgery For Breast Cancer

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    Using a womans own tissue is a common approach for building a new breast. The reconstructed breast may look and feel more natural. One option is an operation called the deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap for breast reconstruction. The procedure removes skin and fat from the lower abdomen while preserving the muscle. Women who undergo DIEP flap breast reconstruction may experience less pain and shorter recovery times than other techniques that do not preserve the muscle. By reducing damage to the donor site, abdominal wall integrity and strength may also be maintained.

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    How Does Plastic Surgery Work

    The first step is usually a consultation with a plastic surgeon, during which the doctor will assess the patients needs and goals. The surgeon will then develop an individualized treatment plan. Generally, the actual surgery is performed under general anesthesia and usually takes from one to six hours.

    Although its typically safe, plastic surgery can have side effects. Excessive bleeding, infections, blood clots, and an unexpected reaction to anesthesia are among the most common complications. In the worst-case scenario, these complications can be life-threatening.

    Plastic Surgery Vs Cosmetic Surgery

    In recent years the term cosmetic surgery has started to replace plastic surgery, but there are still a lot of people around the world that lump all of these types of procedures as plastic surgery.

    Plastic in plastic surgery is derived from the Greek word plastikos, which means to shape or mold something. So, as you can see, this term fits very well with the types of surgery and procedures that surgeons are performing.

    These surgeons are molding and shaping your body in different ways to enhance or change your features. They are considered by many to be modern day artists, just working in a different medium.

    Cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery are used interchangeable depending on who youre talking to. Some doctors like to refer to it as cosmetic surgery these days because of the idea that many people believe that plastic is talking about the material used during the procedures, but in theory plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery are different.

    Plastic surgery is an all-encompassing term that includes cosmetic surgery as well as reconstructive surgery. These two types of surgery are actually quite different even though there is a bit of an overlap in the methods and procedures used.

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    What Is The Difference Between Reconstructive Surgery And Cosmetic Surgery

    The difference between Reconstructive surgery and Cosmetic surgery is the type of procedure that each one entails.

    Cosmetic Surgery is a type of surgical procedure that focuses on improving the physical appearance.

    On the other hand, Reconstructive surgery are more often used to correct defects from birth or accidents like breast reconstruction after mastectomy or repair of cleft lip/palate deformity.

    Why Is Cosmetic Surgery Called Plastic Surgery

    Rhinoplasty Procedure

    Posted on 23/02/2015 in

    Plastic Surgery is broad surgical specialty that requires a minimum 5 year residency after completing medical school. The word Plastic, in plastic surgery comes from the word plastikos which is greek for to mould and it got this name because in general plastic surgery involves manipulating and moving tissue around to suit a specific purpose. Broadly speaking, plastic surgery can be divided into reconstructive and cosmetic surgery, and each of these can be further divided into numerous subspecialties that are beyond the scope of this answer.

    The first descriptions of plastic surgery date back as early as the 6th century in the area that is now India. Several procedures that are still used today are described in a text known as the shushruta samhita. One excellent example is a forehead flap for nasal reconstruction, which was used at the time primarily to restore the appearance of people who had their noses cut off as punishment for various crimes. This procedure involves taking skin from the forehead and elevating it off of the underlying muscle and skull and rotating it down to reconstruct the nose. Although it is rare for someone to have their nose cut off as punishment these days, this flap is still commonly used in people who have lost part or all of their nose as a result of cancer, trauma or cocaine use.

    In essence, Plastic surgery is like the trunk of the tree and reconstructive and cosmetic surgery are simply two branches.

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    How Plastic Surgeons Got Their Name

    • Gary Culbertson, MD, FACS | Sumter, SC
    • Thursday, August 16, 2012

    The term Plastic Surgery comes from the Greek word plastike or the art of modeling or sculpting. The profession dates back to approximately 800 BC in India where forehead flaps were utilized to reconstruct amputated noses. The ancient Egyptians and Romans also performed plastic surgery to restore defects in ears/lips and enhance the appearance of the skin. The American Board of Plastic Surgery was established in 1937 and given the status of a major specialty board by the American Board of Medical Specialties in 1941. This was well before the modern utilization of the industrial plastic products we utilize every day. Thus, the confusion between the everyday plastic items we use and plastic surgery.

    The practice of plastic surgery encompasses the restoration, rejuvenation and the enhancement of the patient through the art of surgery. Plastic surgery can be divided into two main areas: reconstructive & aesthetic/cosmetic surgery.

    The views expressed in this blog are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

    Availability Of Plastic Surgery

    Reconstructive plastic surgery is usually carried out free of charge by the NHS. But availability varies around the country and is determined by local integrated care boards .

    Most people are referred to NHS plastic surgeons by their GP or a specialist consultant they see about their condition.

    Plastic surgery is also available privately, but it can be very expensive.

    It’s still a good idea to speak to your GP or specialist first if you’re considering private treatment, even if a referral isn’t required.

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    Cosmetic Surgery Plastic Surgerywhats The Difference

    If youve always thought cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery were one in the same, youre not alone. A significant number of plastic surgeons choose to focus their practice on cosmetic surgery, and as such, the terms are often used interchangeably. But this is not technically correct. Cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery are closely related specialties, but they are not the same.

    Overview: Difference Between Cosmetic and Plastic surgery

    How Did Plastic Surgery Get Its Name

    The 15 WORST Celebrity Plastic Surgery DISASTERS!

    The burning question why is it called plastic surgery? Contrary to popular belief, the plastic in plastic surgery does not refer to the synthetic material, but is in fact derived from the Greek word, Plastikos, meaning to form or to mould. The same Greek word formed the basis of the English word plastic for obvious reasons! As far as we know, surgery as a profession began in India in approximately 800 BC, when according to historical records, surgeons performed reconstructive surgery using skin flaps from patients foreheads to rebuild amputated noses. The ancient Egyptians and Romans are also known to have performed plastic surgery to restore defects in the face including ear and lip reconstruction.

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    Minimally Invasive Cosmetic Medicine

    With the growing popularity of plastic surgery, has also come a wide-spread increase in minimally invasive alternatives involving intradermal and intramusclular injectables, including various neurotoxins such as Botox, Dysport, Xeomin, and Jeuveau, amongst others, alongside hyaluronic acid based dermal fillers.

    Plastic Surgery: Where It All Began

    Plastic surgery may have gained popularity in recent decades, but people have been practicing the art of altering body tissue since ancient times. Often referred to as one of the worlds oldest healing arts, people have been working towards improving and restoring the human body for thousands of years. From that time, plastic surgery education, procedures, and techniques have developed into the plastic surgery industry you know today. In our ever-changing world, our pursuit of self-improvement has been unflinching since the dawn of time.

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    Plastic Surgery Before & After: Travel Through History

    As the field of plastic surgery has advanced, the results of both reconstructive and cosmetic surgery have improved greatly. It would be impossible to discuss the history of plastic surgery without talking about the before and after.

    Beginning with McIndoes Guinea Pig Club, Lets take a look at some famous plastic surgery before & after images:

    Walter Yeo, pictured below, was a recipient of Gillies flap surgery after being injured while serving as a sailor during WWI. At the time, Gillies flap surgery was cutting edge.

    Here is an example of the results one can expect from flap surgery today. The individual in this image sought reconstructive surgery following treatment for skin cancer.

    History Of Plastic Surgery

    Rhinoplasty Procedure

    We tend to think of plastic surgery as something very modern. However, the earliest plastic surgery procedures can be traced back as early as 800 B.C. in India. The first textbook on plastic surgery was written in 1895 by Gaspare Tagliacozzi in Italy and focused mostly on nasal reconstruction surgeries. There were breast completed even before the 1900s, and huge advancements in reconstructive surgeries were made treating soldiers after WWI.

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